General instructions in filling out items for this section
Please be guided by the following instructions in recording answers to the CBMS questions on housing and household characteristics:
- Each question is to be answered by selecting the code corresponding to the answer in the space provided.
- Answer items R01 (Type of building), R02 (Number of floors of the building), R03 (Construction materials of the roof), R04 (Construction materials of the outer walls), and R08 (Frame material of the building) based on observation. However, if doubtful, ask the respondent.
- Ask items R05 (Finishing materials of the floor of the housing unit), and R06 (Construction materials of the floor of the housing unit) from the respondent of from any of the households residing in the same building, i.e., if there are more than one (1) housing unit/household in the building), preferably the respondent of the first household interviewed.
- In general, all households in the same building would have the same answers in items R01 to R06. However, on items R03.1, R04 to R06, it is possible for the households to have different answers, especially if there are two (2) or more housing units in the building.
- For item R07 (Floor area of the housing unit), if there are two (2) or more households in a housing unit, ask the respondent of any of the households living in that same housing unit (preferably, the respondent of the first household interviewed) for the best estimate of the floor area of the housing unit.
- For multiple households living in the same housing unit, copy the entries in items R01 to R07 of the first household interviewed to the corresponding questionnaire items of the other households.
- For homeless or persons living in the streets or without a shelter, that is, those with 6000-series BSN and HUSN, item R01 should have an entry. The rest of the housing/household questions (items R02 to R18) in CBMS Form 2 should be left blank or skipped.
The last set of questions will ask about the characteristics and amenities of your housing unit and your household conveniences.
Specific instructions in filling out items for this section
Items R01 to R09 pertain to the characteristics of the household and building/housing unit presently occupied by the household.
Begin by reading the section introduction to the respondent:
“The last set of questions will ask about the characteristics and amenities of your housing unit and your household conveniences.”
R01: Type of building
The distribution of households by type of building supplies information about the available housing accommodation, patterns of living, and building trends in a particular area. Such details are essential for planning future housing needs. Specifically, for housing programs, such information is required to determine the number of households that need to be provided with housing. Moreover, the number of households living in marginal housing units (commercial, industrial, or agricultural buildings, including barns, warehouses, mills, offices, and other structures such as boats and carts that are used as living quarters) provides an approximation of the housing needs in an area.
Answer through observation. If in doubt, ask the respondent, “What is the type of building occupied by your household?”.
Select the category as provided by the respondent. Below are the descriptions of the types of building.
01 Single house - an independent residential structure intended for the occupancy of one (1) household, separated by an open space or walls from all other structures.
It includes the so-called “nipa hut”, a small house that is built as a more or less permanent housing unit, or a “barong-barong” which is made of salvaged/makeshift/improvised materials.
02 Duplex - a residential structure intended as a place of abode for households, each of which has complete living facilities. It is divided vertically or horizontally into two separate housing units, which are usually identical.
Multi-unit residential building is a building intended primarily for residential use. It may consist of one or more storeys in a row of three (3) or more housing units, separated from each other by walls extending from the ground to the roof, or a building having floors to accommodate three (3) or more housing units. Categories 3 to 5 are kinds of multi-unit residential buildings.
- Apartment - a structure usually having several storeys, with three (3) or more independent entrances from internal halls or courts. An apartment has one common entrance from the outside.
- Accessoria - a one-or two-floor structure divided into three (3) or more housing units, each of which has a separate entrance from the outside. Another name for accessoria is row house.
04 Condominium/condotel – a building where the housing units are owned individually but the land and other areas and facilities are commonly owned. A condotel is a condominium which is operated as a hotel but at the same time offers short term rentals.
05 Other multi-unit residential building – refers to a building with three (3) or more housing units not classified in category 3 (Apartment/accessoria/rowhouse) and category 4 (Condominium/condotel).
An example of this is a tenement.
06 Commercial/industrial/agricultural (e.g., office, factory, barn) – a building that is not intended mainly for human habitation but is used as a living quarter of a household at the time of the CBMS taking.
- Commercial building – a building built for transacting business or for rendering professional services, such as store, office, warehouse, rice mill, and others.
- Industrial building – a building built for processing, assembling, fabricating, finishing, and manufacturing or packaging operations, such as a factory, plant, and others.
- Agricultural building– any structure built for agricultural purposes, such as a barn, stable, poultry house, granary, and others.
07 Institutional living quarter (e.g., hotel, hospital, convent, jail) – includes hotel, motel, inn, boarding house, dormitory, pension or lodging house, and other permanent structures that provide persons with lodging/accommodation and/or meals on a fee basis. It also includes a building intended for persons confined to receive medical, charitable and/or other services such as hospital, rehabilitation center, and orphanage; for persons detained such as jail and penal colony; and other building such as convent, school dormitory, and others.
Also considered as ILQ are camps which are defined sets of premises originally intended for the temporary accommodation of persons with common activities or interests such as military camp, as well as other camps established for the housing needs of workers engaged in mining, agriculture, public works, or other types of enterprises.
08 None (e.g., homeless, cart) – a category for homeless persons living/sleeping in streets, carts, or without a shelter. End the interview if the type of building falls under this category.
09 Other types of building (e.g., bus/trailer, boat, tent), specify – a category that refers to a living quarter, which is neither intended for human habitation nor located in permanent building but is, nevertheless, used as a living quarter at the time of the CBMS-taking. Trailers, barges, bus, boats, abandoned trucks, culverts, and tents fall into this category. Proceed to item R12 if the type of building falls under this category.
10 Temporary Evacuation Center/Relocation Area (school / gym / relocation housing) - refers to a place where evacuees are brought before, during, and after calamities/disaster such as but not limited to typhoon, floods, landslides, earthquake, or fire for care, safety, and protection. If the type of building is code ‘10’, end the interview.
R02: Number of floors of the building
This item should be answered based on observation. If in doubt, ask the respondent, “How many floors are there in this building?”. Enter the number of floors in the space provided.
Attic/basement is considered as a floor provided that any household member uses that floor.
R03 to R06 Construction materials of the roof, outer walls, and floor
Data on the construction materials of the roof, outer walls, and floor of the building/housing unit provide information on the construction, replacement, and improvement status of buildings/housing units. These items can be used as proxy variables to measure the economic condition/status of a household.
Moreover, data on these items can be used in evaluating construction statistics, programme implementation, and in estimating investments for housing construction. They are also useful in determining the number of households residing in structurally acceptable building/housing units.
Structural acceptability of a building/housing unit implies that the building/housing unit is made of strong and/or durable construction materials that will safeguard its occupants from adverse climatic conditions and provide protection and privacy.
R03: Construction materials of the roof
Roofing material refers to the material used as a roof covering. This is These are commonly placed on top of purlins, and act as covering to protect the occupants of the household from external environmental factors such as rain, heat, etc. Common examples of roofing materials are galvanized iron sheets, nipa, etc.
This item should be answered based on observation. If in doubt, ask the respondent, “What is the main construction material of the roof of this building/housing unit?”. The categories for the kind of construction materials of the roof are listed in the screen. Select the corresponding construction material used for the roof.
|3||Half galvanized iron and half concrete|
|9||Others, specify _____|
If two (2) or more kinds of roofing materials are used, report the material used in most parts of the building. More specifically, report the roofing material used over the main portion of the building (usually containing the living room/sala and bedroom).
If the kind of material/s used for the roof falls under category Others, specify, select code ‘9’ and enter the specific material/s in the space provided.
R03.1: Construction material for the roof framing
Ask the respondent, “What is the construction material for the roof framing of this housing unit?”.
Roof framing refers to the trusses or rafters used to support the roof system. The roof frame comprises the structural components that support the roof system. The roof frame could either be configured as a truss, or rafter system with purlins supporting the roof covering. It is also composed of the ridge beam, rafters, purlins, and other materials that support the roof cover. The roof frame material could be made out of steel, bamboo or wood members, etc.
This data item will be an additional following parameter which will significantly help in the risk assessment specifically against severe wind hazards. Based on field surveys and extensive research, the construction material used for the roof framing is critical for the resilience of a building against severe wind hazards.
Select among the corresponding categories below:
|9||Others, specify ______|
Source: Department of Civil, Environmental and Geomatic Engineering, UCL
R04: Construction materials of the outer walls
Ask the respondent, “What is the construction material of the outer walls of this building/housing unit?”.
Provided below are the kinds of construction materials of the outer walls.
|03||Half concrete/brick/stone and half wood|
|10||Concrete hollow blocks|
|11||Concrete hollow blocks/wood|
|99||Others, specify _____|
Select among the choices of the kind of construction material used for the outer walls of the building provided above. Fill out this item based on your observation, but if in doubt, ask the respondent about the material used for the outer walls.
For a two-storey building in which the ground floor is walled with concrete/brick/stone while the second floor has walls made of wood, select ‘03’ for half concrete/brick/stone and half wood. However, for a two-storey building, especially in rural areas wherein the ground floor is used in raising poultry or storing grains, farm implements, and others, report the main material used for the walls on the second floor.
For a building with outer walls made of a combination of different materials, report the predominant material used for the outer walls. If the kind of material used for the outer walls falls under category Others, specify, select ‘99’ and specify the material used for the outer walls of the building. If a building has no walls but is occupied by a household, select ‘09’ for None.
R05: Finishing materials of the floor of the housing unit
Finishing materials of the floor refer to the materials used to give comfort and protection to persons and enhance the aesthetic appearance of the housing unit.
This item should be answered based on observation. If in doubt, ask the respondent, “What is the finishing material of the floor of this housing unit?”.
The categories for the finishing materials of the floor of the housing unit are listed below.
|9||Others, specify _____|
Choose the finishing material used for the floor of the housing unit. Fill out this item based on your observation if you are enabled to enter the housing unit. Otherwise, if you are not able to enter the housing unit, or when you are in doubt, ask the respondent.
If two (2) or more kinds of finishing materials for flooring are used, report the material used in most part or main portion of the housing unit, usually the living room/sala and bedroom. If the materials are more or less equally distributed, report the material that is most durable.
If the kind of finishing material used for the floor falls under category select ‘9’ for Others, specify, indicate the material used for the floor of the housing unit.
R06: Construction materials of the floor of the housing unit
Ask the respondent, “What is the main construction material of the floor of this housing unit?”.
The categories for the kind of construction materials of the floor of the housing unit (main materials) are listed below.
|9||Others, specify _____|
Refer to the matrix below when answering this item.
|2||Cement-brick-stone|| 1 |
| Concrete |
|3||Wood plank|| 1 |
| Concrete |
|4||Wood tile-parquet|| 1 |
| Concrete |
|5||Vinyl-carpet tile|| 1 |
| Concrete |
|6||Linoleum|| 1 |
| Concrete |
|9||Others, specify or None|| 1 |
| Concrete |
Others, specify _____
Select the kind of main construction material used for the floor of the housing unit and fill out this item based on observation if you enable it were permitted to enter the housing unit. Otherwise, if you are not able to enter the housing unit, or when you are in doubt, ask the respondent.
If two (2) or more kinds of main flooring materials are used, report the material used in most part or main portion of the housing unit, usually the living room/sala and bedroom.
If the materials are more or less equally distributed, report the material that is most durable. If the kind of main material used for the floor falls under other category, select ‘9’ for Others, specify, and then specify the material used for the floor of the housing unit.
R07: Floor area of the housing unit
Ask this item from any responsible member of a household, preferably the first household interviewed in the housing unit.
Data on floor area can provide information on the current status of the density of occupancy of existing housing units in the country. It can also be used by planners and policymakers in coming up with housing standards that could provide adequate housing space to a level consistent with the maintenance of health and general living conditions of the occupants.
Density of occupancy is expressed as the number of persons per unit of floor area. This can be used as a measure of housing adequacy.
Ask the respondent, “What is the estimated floor area of this housing unit?”. Enter the estimated floor area in square meters.
Floor area refers to the area or space enclosed by the exterior walls of the housing unit. In case of housing units with several floors or storeys, get the area of each floor/storey in square meters, and add them together to get the total floor area of the entire housing unit.
If the respondent does not know the floor area of the housing unit, help him/her approximate the floor area using any of the following methods: (1) meter stick, (2) visual approximation – using your eyes only, or (3) pace factor. Familiarize yourself with the length of a meter so that you can do visual approximation.
Below is a conversion table for your additional reference.
|Unit of measure||Conversion|
|1 meter||3.28 feet|
|1 meter||1.09 yard|
|1 square meter||10.76 square feet|
|1 square meter||0.0001 hectare|
|10,000 square meters||1 hectare|
Refer to following sample illustration and procedures in estimating the floor area of a two-storey building.
Illustration shows the width and the length of the floor spaces of a building.
Use the same formula for the second floor:
To get the total estimate floor area (TotalEFA) of the building/ house, add the EFA of the ground and second floor:
For this example, the answer is 102 sq. m.
R08: Frame material of the housing unit
The frame material refers to the columns and beams of the building. It primarily dictates the overall response of a building to different hazards. This data along with the other data items in the survey will allow risks assessors to determine the building typology that can be used for multi-hazard risk assessments.
Based on your observation of the columns and beams of the housing unit, choose the corresponding answer for the frame material. You may also ask the respondent, “What is the frame material of this housing unit?”.
Below are the categories and their corresponding codes:
|01||Wood|| Has complete wooden frames (i.e., wooden beam and wooden column). |
NOTE: Can be good lumber or coco lumber. Do NOT consider bamboo in this category.
|02||Wood Column Only|| Has wooden columns without beams connecting the columns. This can occur for structures that have wooden columns and only masonry walls in between them.|
NOTE: These types of buildings usually have rafters instead of roof trusses for the roof frame. They directly rest on wooden columns.
|03||Concrete|| Mixture of cement, sand, and gravel, with steel reinforcement bars. Both the columns and the beams are made of reinforced concrete. |
NOTE: Please select "Concrete Column Only" if the columns are concrete but the beams are not concrete or there is no beam.
|04||Steel|| Both the columns and the beams are made of structural steel. These are usually comprised of I-beams. |
NOTE: If the frames are made up of light metal such as steel pipes or any hollowed steel instead of those mentioned above, select ‘06’ for light metal as the answer.
|05||Bamboo|| Has complete bamboo frames (i.e., bamboo beam and bamboo column). |
Some structures have bamboo walls, but their frames are made of wood. Verify with the respondent if the frame of the structure is bamboo.
|06||Light Metal|| Light metals are comprised of thin-wall steel. Examples of light metal are steel pipes, galvanized iron pipes, angle bars, C-channels, or any cold formed steel section and any other hollowed steel (tubular). |
Note: The frame is comprised of cold-formed sections such as a GI-pipes, Tubulars and C-Purlins.
|07||Concrete GF + Wood 2F|| Two-storey structures can have different frames and wall materials for different storeys. One of the most common types of structure is having concrete frame (column and beam) and concrete walls on the 1st floor, and wood frame and wooden walls on the 2nd floor. |
This category is chosen if the first storey of the structure has complete concrete frames (i.e., reinforced concrete beams and reinforced concrete columns), while the columns and beams of the second storey of the structure are all made of wood. This is a common building type in rural areas.
Verify with the respondent if there is concrete column and concrete beam on the 1st floor of the structure, before choosing ‘07’ for Concrete GF (Ground Floor) + Wood 2F (Second Floor) as the answer.
|08||Concrete column only, no beam|| This category is chosen if the housing unit has reinforced concrete columns but without beams. Roof trusses or rafters are just placed on top of the column or walls. |
Structures with concrete columns but have no concrete beam must be separated from those with concrete column and concrete beam for their frames as they react differently when exposed to natural hazards.
Verify with the respondent by asking if there is really no concrete beam on the structure before selecting ‘08’ for Concrete column only, no beam as the answer.
|09||Concrete column only + Wood 2F / No concrete column 1F + Wood 2F|| Concrete column only + Wood 2F |
This is observed when the housing unit has reinforced concrete columns but with no reinforced concrete beams on the first storey of the structure, while the 2nd storey of the structure has wooden columns.
No concrete column 1F + Wood 2F
Some structures, especially those with masonry walls, do not have concrete columns nor concrete beams on the 1st storey of the structure, yet they have a 2nd storey with wooden columns and wooden beams.
In some structures, even though there are no concrete columns on the first floor, there would be wooden columns that support the wooden floor framing of the 2nd storey.
If any of these cases best fits the description of the structure, select ‘09’ for Concrete column only/No concrete column 1F + Wood 2F as the answer.
|10||Concrete column only, wooden beam|| Has reinforced concrete columns but the beams are made of wood. |
NOTE that wooden roof beams should NOT be considered as wooden structural beams.
This is rarely done and may not be observed much in the field for the Philippines.
|11||Concrete Column Only, Steel Beam|| Has reinforced concrete columns but the beams are made of structural steel. |
Remember NOT to consider the light metal that used on the steel roof framing as steel structural beam.
NOTE: This can be observed in fit-out projects or warehouses wherein the frame is made out of concrete columns with steel beams bolted to the columns.
|12||Steel Column, Wooden Beam|| Has steel columns but the beams are made of wood. |
Remember NOT to consider wooden roof beams as wooden structural beams.
|13||None||Sometimes, the columns and beams might seem "hidden" due to good wall finishing. It is recommended to interview the owner when in doubt. Make sure that no frames are really present before choosing “None” as the answer.|
|99||Others, specify _____||Specify if none of the aforementioned frames/frame combinations fit the structure.|
If two (2) or more kinds of frame materials are used, report the materials used in most part of the building. More specifically, report the frame materials used over the main portion of the building (usually containing the living room/sala and bedroom).
If the kind of material used for the frame falls under category Others, select ‘99’ and specify the material used for the frame of the housing unit.
R09: Number of bedrooms
A bedroom is a separate space for sleeping quarters or where household members usually sleep.
Politely ask where the household usually sleeps. Then ask, “How many bedrooms does this unit have?”. If there is NO separate space for sleeping quarters and the household members sleep, dine, socialize, etc. in a common area in the house, then enter ‘0’ in the space provided.
Looking at this layout, it is a housing unit with consists of three (3) bedrooms with its occupants sharing common areas like, living area, dining area, kitchen, and toilet. However, this can be treated as three (3) housing units if each room has its own facilities for cooking, dining, and sleeping.
Enter the number of bedrooms in the space provided.
R10: Tenure status of the housing unit/lot
Data on the tenure status of the housing unit and lot are also useful for housing priorities and policies, in the promotion of house and lot ownership, and identification of groups that needs housing assistance. The extent to which the households own or rent the buildings/living quarters that they occupy is of special significance to housing programs.
Ask the respondent, “What is the tenure of the housing unit and lot occupied by this household?”.
The categories for the tenure status of the housing unit and lot are as follows:
|1||Own or owner-like possession of house and lot||The household is the owner and has legal possession or claims the ownership of the housing unit and lot. Amortized or paid housing unit and lot on an installment basis is considered as “own or owner-like”. Consider as “own or owner-like” a housing unit and lot that is being amortized or paid on an installment basis.|
A house and lot are held under heirship if they it is inherited even if the title of ownership has not been transferred to the heir(s) yet.
|2||Own house, rent lot||The household owns the house but rents the lot, in cash, or in kind.|
|3||Own house, rent-free lot with consent of owner||The household owns the house but occupies the lot with permission of the owner and does not pay any rent, in cash or in kind, to the owner, tenant/lessee, or subtenant/sub lessee.|
|4||Own house, rent-free lot without consent of owner||The household owns the house but occupies the lot without permission of the owner.|
|5||Rent house/room, including lot||The household pays rent, either in cash or in kind, for the house/room (including lot) that it occupies.|
|6||Rent-free house and lot with consent of owner||The household occupies the house and lot, rent-free, with consent or permission of the owner.|
|7||Rent-free house and lot without consent of owner||The household occupies the housing unit and lot, without consent or permission of the owner.|
Choose the answer as provided by the respondent.
R10.1: Year the housing unit was constructed
Knowing the year of construction will help improve the assessment of the resilience of a housing unit against different hazards. The deterioration of the building can be approximated by the building age wherein the deterioration of the roof framing system severely affects the resilience against severe wind hazards. Aside from deterioration, a housing unit can be classified into a pre-code building depending on the year of construction. This information will be helpful in the assessment of the resilience of a housing unit against seismic hazards.
Ask the respondent, “When was the housing unit/building constructed?”. Enter the year of construction in the space provided.
According to UP Institute of Civil Engineering, when any major renovation or rebuilding is done to the beams, columns, and roof frames of a building, this is when you should consider the year of renovation as the new year of construction. When a specific element/s is/are rebuilt, this will indicate that almost all the components contributing to the resilience of a structure towards hazards were also affected.
“Renovations” involving refurnishing of finishings such as tileworks, furniture, or interior partition should NOT be considered as a new year of construction.
R11: Imputed rent per month for the housing unit/lot
Ask the respondent, “By your own estimate, how much is the imputed rent per month for the house and/or lot?”. This data item collects information on the imputed rental value of an owned-occupied dwelling unit. Enter the imputed rent per month for the house and/or lot in the space provided.
Ask the respondent, “Is there any electricity in the dwelling place?”. A response of Yes means that the household uses electricity that is provided either by national or community electric companies or cooperatives, or powered using a generator, solar power, or battery, or other sources of electricity. A response of No means that the household has no access to electricity.
Select the appropriate answer in the space provided. If the answer is “No”, proceed to R14.
R13: Source of electricity
Ask the respondent, “What is/are the source/s of electricity in the dwelling place?”. Some of the possible answers with their corresponding codes are listed below.
|Z||Others, specify _____|
For each of these listed sources, select ‘1’ for Yes, or ‘2’ for No. If there are other sources of electricity that are not covered in ‘A’ to ‘D’, specify other sources of electricity in the space provided. Biomass can be a source of electricity in agricultural households. Some households also rely on power or electricity generated from geothermal power plants and wind farms.
R14: Fuel for lighting
The proportion of households with access to electricity will allow planners to identify areas where community lighting needs to be provided. Data on types of fuel for lighting can be analyzed to forecast future demands for various sources of energy, hence, help planning for power installations.
Ask the respondent, “What type of fuel does this household use for lighting?”. Choose the code corresponding to the fuel used by the household for lighting. Select ‘9’ for Others, specify if the answer is not included among those in the list. Then, specify in the space provided the type of fuel used by the household for lighting.
The types of fuel used for lighting are as follows:
|3||Liquified petroleum gas (LPG)|
|4||Oil (vegetable, animal, and others)|
|5||Solar panel/solar lamp|
|9||Others, specify _____|
If two (2) or more types of fuel for lighting are used, except electricity (for instance, kerosene and oil, oil and candle, and other combinations), select the code corresponding to the type of lighting used most of the time.
R15: Fuel for cooking
Information on fuel for cooking is relevant in assessing energy planning decisions, energy conservation programs, and in developing marketing strategies. It also serves as a benchmark for the study of changes in household energy use and user patterns over time. Likewise, it is helpful in monitoring supply and demand requirements for alternative fuels.
Ask the respondent, “What type of fuel does this household use most of the time for cooking?”. Select the code corresponding to the fuel used by the household for cooking.
If the household uses a power-generating machine for cooking, choose the fuel used to run the generator. If two (2) or more kinds of cooking fuel are used (for instance, electricity and LPG, LPG and wood, kerosene and charcoal, and other combinations), choose the fuel used most of the time for cooking.
Select code “9” for Others, specify if the answer is not included in the list. Then, specify the type of fuel used by the household for cooking in the space provided.
The choices below for types of fuel used for cooking are listed on the screen:
|3||Liquified petroleum gas (LPG)|
|9||Others, specify _____|
R16: Presence of household conveniences/information and communications technology (ICT) devices/vehicles
This question is asked to account for the conveniences or appliances, and other assets that the household owns. Do NOT include household conveniences, ICT devices, and vehicles used mainly for the household’s business purposes. The data on the ownership of conveniences provides proxy variables for economic status of the family. It is also important for public information and education through identification of the means of communication, which the population can be reached easily. The data on ownership of motor vehicles provides information about access to private transport.
This item provides information on housing conveniences and information and communications technology (ICT) devices/vehicles, the presence of which in the household indicates the means of communication through which the population can be most easily reached. This also provides a basis for leisure statistics. The presence of vehicles in the household provides data about access to private transport. It can also provide information for the construction of roads/bridges and solutions to traffic problems. In general, the presence of household conveniences/devices can be used as proxy indicators in determining the socio-economic status of the household.
Ask the respondent, “How many of each of the following items does the household own?”. Read out the following one by one. Specify the number of each of household conveniences/ICT devices/vehicles listed below.
|B||Stove with oven/gas range|
|H||Electric fan and other cooling equipment|
|I||Radio / radio cassette (AM, FM, and transistor)|
|K||CD / DVD / VCD player|
|L||Audio component / stereo set / karaoke / videoke|
|M||Landline / wireless telephone|
|P||Personal computer (desktop, laptop, notebook, netbook, and others)|
|U||Motorcycle / motor scooter|
|Y||Motorized boat / banca|
|Z||Non-motorized boat / banca|
Exclude any aforementioned household item, which has not been in working condition for six (6) months or longer (although intended to be repaired).
Include owned vehicles that are used by the household and its members for both personal and livelihood purposes. You may check whether some of the vehicles, boats/vessels recorded in Section G. Agricultural and Fishery Activities are also used for household’s personal travel purposes.
Kindly exclude vehicles (e.g., car/jeep/van/truck, motorcycle/motor scooter/ tricycle, bicycle/pedicab, motorized banca/boat or non-motorized banca/boat), which are used exclusively or solely for business purposes.
R17: Television services used by the household
Television (TV) is a device that can get broadcast television signals, using popular access pathways such as over-the-air, cable, and satellite. Similar to a radio, it can be a stand-alone device, or can be integrated with another device, such as a computer or a mobile telephone.
The International Telecommunications Union (ITU) in its manual for measuring ICT access and use by households and individuals suggests the measurement of the proportion of households with multichannel television (TV) and by type of multichannel service in countries. This is one of the core ICT indicators that countries are encouraged to compile. Multichannel TV services are Cable TV (CATV); Direct-to-home (DTH) satellite services; Internet-protocol TV (IPTV); and Digital terrestrial TV (DTT).
Ask the respondent, “Does this household have any of the following television services?”.
To help the respondent understand the meaning or intention of this question, read out each category below.
|MULTI-CHANNEL TELEVISION SERVICES|
|A||Cable TV (CATV)|| This refers to multi-channel programming delivered over coaxial cable for viewing on television sets. (Source: ITU) |
NTC Memorandum Circular No. 10-10-2003 defined Cable Television System or Community Antenna Television (CATV) as “any facility that, in whole or in part, receives directly or indirectly over the air, and amplifies or otherwise modifies and improves the received signal broadcast by one or more television, satellite or radio stations and distributes such signal by wire, fiber optic or cable to subscribing members of the public who pay for such service(s)”.
Examples: Sky Cable, Air Cable, Parasat Cable, Cotabato Cable, Bongao Cable TV, etc.
|B||Direct-to-home (DTH) Satellite Services|| These are TV services received via a satellite dish that can receive satellite television broadcast. (Source: ITU) |
NTC Memorandum Circular No. 10-10-2003 defined Direct Broadcast Satellite (DBS) Service as the service that delivers TV programs to the homes through a satellite receiving dish, rather than through a cable system landline wherein pictures are sent aloft, bounced off a satellite transponder and returned directly to the subscriber’s home; also known as direct-to-home/direct-to-user (DTH/DTU) broadcast system.
Examples: Cignal, SATLITE, Dream Satellite TV, G SAT, etc.
|C||IPTV|| IPTV services are multimedia services delivered over an IP-based managed network to support the needed quality level of service, experience, security, interactivity, and reliability. These are usually received by using Smart TVs/LED TVs. |
IPTV services exclude video accessed over the public internet (e.g., streaming).
IPTV services are also generally aimed at viewing over a television set rather than a personal computer. IPTV should not be confused with watching TV over the Internet. IPTV uses broadband networks to carry TV signals, while maintaining a guaranteed quality of service. It is generally aimed at viewing over a television set, making the quality of experience comparable with that of other TV platforms.
IPTV should also not be confused with over-the-top (OTT) or online TV and video (e.g., YouTube, Netflix), which are delivered via the Internet. (Source: ITU)
An example of IPTV service is Joy TV.
|D||Digital Terrestrial TV (DTT)|| This DTT is the technological evolution from analogue terrestrial television, providing capability for significantly more channels. DTT is by default not paid for many countries which have made the digital transition. (Source: ITU) |
But over time, digital TV receivers have been developed to boost quality in reception of the TV sets. Examples of digital TV receivers are GMA Affordabox Digital TV Receiver, EasyTV, WIN ISDB-T TV Box, Starcube, RCA DV1501 Digibox, etc.
|E||Analog Television|| Analog TV is a type of TV service where televiewers receive broadcast signals over the air through an antenna without an intermediary appliance. This can also include mobile phones which can access free-to-air terrestrial TV channels. (Source: 2019 NICTS Interviewer’s Manual and 2020 ITU Manual for measuring access and use by households and individuals)|
This is a multiple response question. This means that the respondent is allowed to give more than one answer. Ask the question to the respondent, then choose all codes that correspond to the respondent’s answer/s.
R18: Ownership of livestock, herds, poultry or other farm animals
Information on whether households own any livestock, herds, poultry, or other animals, and how many they own is used as an additional indicator of the socioeconomic status of the household.
Pets are not included. However, if the household is raising pets which they intend to sell, those pets will be included in this item.
First, find out whether the household owns any livestock, herds, poultry, or other farm animals. If he or she answers Yes, ask the respondent, “How many of the following animals does this household own?” to inquire on how many animals the household own. Read out each item below. Be sure to enter the number in the space provided for each item. If there are animals owned by the household that are not listed below, specify in the space provided. Do NOT leave any blank. Enter ‘00’ if none.
Below are the kinds of animals that may be owned by the household.
|Z||Others, specify _____|